What does this measure?
This measures the estimated percent of children ages 5-17 under 100 percent poverty by school district.
U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE), 2014 Poverty Estimates for School Districts
Why is this important?
Poverty affects child development, parent-child interactions, and family functioning. When families are isolated, lack resources, live with greater stress and instability, or view their child’s temperament as difficult, there is higher risk of negative child health and behavioral outcomes. These risk factors also affect children’s language, cognitive, and social-emotional development.
References and Resources
- Ayoub, C et al. Cognitive skill performance among young children living in poverty: Risk, change, and the promotive effects of Early Head Start. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, September, 2009.
- Fernald, A, et al. SES differences in language processing skill and vocabulary are evident at 18 months. Developmental Science, March 2013.
- Hernadez, DJ. Double Jeopardy: How Third-Grade Reading Skills and Poverty Influence High School Graduation. Report published by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2012.